- • The effect of ZETIA on cardiovascular morbidity and mortality has not been determined.
- • ZETIA, administered alone or in combination with an HMG-CoA reductase inhibitor (statin), is indicated as adjunctive therapy to diet for the reduction of elevated TOTAL-C, LDL-C, Apo B, and non–HDL-C in patients with primary (heterozygous familial and nonfamilial) hyperlipidemia when diet alone is not enough.
- • Contraindications: hypersensitivity to any component of this medication.
- • Statin contraindications apply when used with a statin: active liver disease; unexplained persistent elevations in hepatic transaminase levels. Statins are contraindicated in pregnant and nursing women. Refer to the statin label for details.
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- SELECTED CAUTIONARY INFORMATION
- • When using ZETIA with a statin, also follow the label recommendations for that specific statin.
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- SELECTED CAUTIONARY INFORMATION (continued)
- • When ZETIA was coadministered with a statin, consecutive elevations in hepatic transaminase levels (>3 × ULN) were slightly higher (1.3%) than those of statins alone (0.4%). Liver function tests should be performed when ZETIA is added to statin therapy and according to statin recommendations. Should an increase in ALT or AST >3 × ULN persist, consider withdrawal of ZETIA and/or the statin.
- • Patients should be advised to promptly report muscle pain, tenderness, or weakness. Risk for skeletal muscle toxicity increases with higher statin doses, advanced age (>65), hypothyroidism, renal impairment, and depending on the statin used, concomitant use of other drugs. Discontinue drug if myopathy is diagnosed or suspected.
References: 1. Bays HE, Davidson MH, Massaad R, et al. Safety and efficacy of ezetimibe added on to rosuvastatin 5 or 10 mg versus up-titration of rosuvastatin in patients with hypercholesterolemia (the ACTE Study). Am J Cardiol. 2011;108:523–530. 2. Leiter LA, Bays H, Conard S, et al. Efficacy and safety of ezetimibe added on to atorvastatin (40 mg) compared with uptitration of atorvastatin (to 80 mg) in hypercholesterolemic patients at high risk of coronary heart disease. Am J Cardiol. 2008;102:1495–1501.